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Isesengura rya tekinike ya sisitemu yo kugenzura imirongo ikora

Imirongo yo gupakira yashyizwe mubikorwa ukurikije imiterere ya sisitemu.

Gupakira inteko umurongo uhoraho kugenzura sisitemu.

Ibipimo muburyo bwo guhindura sisitemu birakomeza, ni ukuvuga, uburyo bwo kohereza ibimenyetso bya sisitemu hamwe nigisubizo cyikintu kigenzurwa ni umubare udahwema gukomeza cyangwa kugereranya.Kugenzura ubushyuhe bwavuzwe haruguru, sisitemu yo kugenzura umuvuduko wa sisitemu nuburyo bukomeza bwo kugenzura.Ukurikije isano iri hagati yisohoka nubunini bwinjiza bwa sisitemu, sisitemu irashobora kugabanywamo.

Gupakira umurongo ugenzura sisitemu igizwe nibice bigize umurongo, buri murongo ushobora gusobanurwa numurongo utandukanye ugereranije kugirango uhaze ihame rya superposition, ni ukuvuga, mugihe ibintu byinshi bihindagurika cyangwa kugenzura bikora kuri sisitemu icyarimwe, ingaruka zose zingana na igiteranyo cyingaruka ziterwa na buri gikorwa cyumuntu.

Gupakira inteko yumurongo utari umurongo wo kugenzura muburyo bumwe hamwe no kwiyuzuzamo, agace kapfuye, guterana hamwe nibindi bidafite umurongo, sisitemu nkiyi isobanurwa nuburinganire butandukanye butandukanye, ntabwo bwujuje ihame ryikirenga.

Gupakira umurongo sisitemu yo kugenzura rimwe na rimwe

Sisitemu yo kugenzura rimwe na rimwe, izwi kandi nka sisitemu yo kugenzura ibintu, aho ibimenyetso by'imbere bya sisitemu bigenda bisimburana, bishobora kugabanywamo.

.Nyuma yo gutunganya amakuru cyangwa manipulation, amabwiriza yo kugenzura arasohoka.Ikintu kigenzurwa kigenzurwa no guhindura imibare ya data muburyo bwa analogue.Ingero zicyitegererezo akenshi zisumba cyane inshuro zo guhindura ikintu.

(2) Sisitemu yo kugenzura sisitemu yo kugenzura igizwe no guhinduranya ibintu.Nkuko ibintu byo guhinduranya ari “ON” na “OFF” muri leta ebyiri zitandukanye rwose, ntabwo bikomeza kwerekana impinduka mubimenyetso byo kugenzura bityo rero igenzura ryagezweho na sisitemu byanze bikunze rimwe na rimwe.Sisitemu isanzwe igenzura sisitemu, sisitemu yo kugenzura porogaramu, nibindi bihindura sisitemu yo kugenzura.Hariho ubwoko bubiri bwo guhinduranya sisitemu: gufungura-gufunga no gufunga.Gufungura-guhinduranya guhinduranya ibitekerezo bishingiye kuri logique algebra.

Hamwe no kwiyongera kwimikorere yo gupakira imirongo, imikorere, kubungabunga no gufata neza imashini zipakira nibikoresho biroroshye kandi byoroshye, kugabanya ubumenyi bwumwuga busabwa nabakoresha.Ubwiza bwibicuruzwa bipfunyika bifitanye isano itaziguye na sisitemu yubushyuhe, ubunyangamugayo bwihuta bwakiriwe, ituze rya sisitemu yo gukurikirana, nibindi.

Sisitemu yo gukurikirana niyo igenzura intandaro yo gupakira.Inzira ebyiri zikurikirana imbere n'inyuma zikoreshwa kugirango turusheho kunoza gukurikirana neza.Imashini imaze gukora, sensor ya firime yerekana buri gihe ikimenyetso cya firime (code yamabara) hanyuma microswitch ikurikirana mugice cya mashini ikamenya aho imashini ihagaze.Porogaramu imaze gukora, ibyo bimenyetso byombi byoherejwe muri PLC.ibisohoka bya PLC bigenzura neza nibibi bikurikirana moteri ikurikirana, ihita itahura amakosa yibikoresho bipfunyika mugihe cyo gukora kandi igatanga indishyi nukuri kandi ikosora kugirango wirinde guta ibikoresho.Niba ibisabwa bya tekiniki bidashobora kubahirizwa nyuma yo gukurikirana inshuro zagenwe, birashobora guhita bihagarara no gutegereza ubugenzuzi kugirango birinde kubyara imyanda;kubera iyemezwa ryihuta ryihuta ryihuta, imiyoboro yumunyururu iragabanuka cyane, itezimbere ituze hamwe nubwizerwe bwimashini kandi bigabanya urusaku rwimashini.Iremeza urwego rwo hejuru rwikoranabuhanga mumashini ipakira, nko gukora neza, gutakaza bike no kugenzura byikora.

Nubwo imikorere yimikorere ya sisitemu ikoreshwa kuri pompe yikora no guteranya umurongo biroroshye, ishyira hejuru cyane kumikorere ya dinamike, bisaba kwihuta gukurikiranwa byihuse kandi byihuse.Birakenewe rero ko dusuzuma imbaraga zidasanzwe zijyanye no guhinduranya imirongo no guhitamo imikorere ihanitse, ihindagurika kandi yujuje ubuziranenge kugirango ihuze ibisabwa byihuta byihuta bikomeza gupakira.


Igihe cyo kohereza: Nyakanga-22-2021